1940 United Kingdom of Great Britain GEORGE VI Half Crown Silver Coin i53786
1940 United Kingdom of Great Britain GEORGE VI Half Crown Silver Coin i53786
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1940 United Kingdom of Great Britain GEORGE VI Half Crown Silver Coin i53786

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Item: i53786
 
 Authentic Coin of:

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
George VI
King of the
United Kingdom, Ireland  and British Dominions: 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
1940 Silver Half Crown 32.3mm (14.00 grams) .500 Silver (0.2258 oz. ASW)
Reference: KM# 856 Obverse Designer: T.H. Paget Reverse Designer: George  Krueger-Gray Edge: Reeded
GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX, Bare head of George VI left.
FID:DEF IND:IMP HALF CROWN 1940 around quartered shield flanked by crowned  monograms.

You are bidding on the exact item pictured,  provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of  Authenticity.  

Great Britain (orthographic projection).svgGreat  Britain, also known as Britain is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2  (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest island in Europe and the ninth-largest in the world. In 2011 the island  had a population of about 61 million people, making it the third-most populous island in the world, after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. It accounts for the majority of the British Isles archipelago, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, including  the island of Ireland to its west.

The island is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,  constituting most of its territory: most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island, with their respective  capital cities, London, Edinburgh, and Cardiff. Politically, the term Great Britain  usually extends to include surrounding islands that form part of England,  Scotland, and Wales. The island is dominated by an oceanic climate with quite narrow temperature  differences between seasons.

A single Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the Union of Scotland and England (which already comprised the  present-day countries of England and Wales) in 1707. More than a hundred years  before, in 1603, King James VI, King of Scots, had inherited the throne of  England, but it was not until 1707 that the Parliaments of the two countries  agreed to form a unified state. In 1801, Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,  which was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland after  the Irish Free State seceded in 1922.


King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946.jpgGeorge  VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936  until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.

As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit  the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War, and after it took on the usual  round of public engagements. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had  two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.

George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of  their father in 1936. However, later that year Edward revealed his desire to  marry the divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for  political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain  king. Edward abdicated in order to marry, and George  ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor.

During George's reign the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated. The  parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his  accession. Within three years, the Empire and Commonwealth, except the Irish  Free State, was at war with Nazi Germany. In the next two years, war with Italy and Japan followed. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately  victorious, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined.  After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947,  George remained as king of both countries, but the title Emperor of India  was abandoned in June 1948. Ireland formally declared itself a republic and left  the Commonwealth in 1949, and India became a republic within the Commonwealth  the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth. He  was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. His elder  daughter, Elizabeth, succeeded him.

Early life

 
Four kings: Edward VII (far right), his son George, Prince of Wales,  later George V (far left), and grandsons Edward, later Edward VIII  (rear), and Albert, later George VI (foreground), c. 1908

George VI was born at York Cottage, on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, during the reign  of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria.  His father was Prince George, Duke of York (later King George V), the second and eldest-surviving  son of the Prince and Princess of Wales (later King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra). His mother was the Duchess of  York (later Queen Mary), the eldest child and only daughter  of the Duke and Duchess of Teck.

His birthday (14 December 1895) was the anniversary of the death of his  great-grandfather, Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.  Uncertain of how the Prince Consort's widow, Queen Victoria, would take the news  of the birth, the Prince of Wales wrote to the Duke of York that the Queen had  been "rather distressed". Two days later, he wrote again: "I really think it  would gratify her if you yourself proposed the name Albert to her".  Queen Victoria was mollified by the proposal to name the new baby Albert, and  wrote to the Duchess of York: "I am all impatience to see the new one,  born on such a sad day but rather more dear to me, especially as he will be  called by that dear name which is a byword for all that is great and good".  Consequently, he was baptised "Albert Frederick Arthur George" at St. Mary Magdalene's Church near Sandringham  three months later.a  As a great-grandson of Queen Victoria, he was known formally as "His Highness  Prince Albert of York" from birth. Within the family, he was known informally as  "Bertie".  His maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Teck, did not like the first name the  baby had been given, and she wrote prophetically that she hoped the last name  "may supplant the less favoured one".

Albert, as he was known, was fourth in line to the throne at birth, after his  grandfather, father and elder brother, Edward. In 1898, Queen Victoria issued Letters Patent that granted the children of the  eldest son of the Prince of Wales the style Royal Highness, and at the age of two,  Albert became "His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York".

He often suffered from ill health and was described as "easily frightened and  somewhat prone to tears".  His parents were generally removed from their children's day-to-day upbringing,  as was the norm in aristocratic families of that era. He had a stammer that lasted for many years, and was  forced to write with his right hand although he was naturally left-handed. He suffered from chronic stomach  problems as well as knock knees, for which he was forced to wear  painful corrective splints.

Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, and the Prince of Wales succeeded her  as King Edward VII. Prince Albert moved up to third-in-line to the throne, after  his father and elder brother.

Military career  and education

From 1909, Albert attended the Royal Naval College, Osborne, as a naval cadet. In 1911, he came bottom of the class in  the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.  When Edward VII died in 1910, Albert's father became King George V. Prince  Edward was created Prince of Wales, and Albert was second in line to the throne.

 
Prince Albert (left) at an RAF dinner in 1919 with Sir Hugh Trenchard (centre) and Christopher Courtney (right)

Albert spent the first six months of 1913 on the training ship HMS Cumberland  in the West Indies and on the east coast of Canada.  He was rated as a midshipman aboard HMS Collingwood  on 15 September 1913, and spent three months in the Mediterranean. His fellow officers gave him the  nickname "Mr. Johnson".  One year after his commission, he began service in the First World War. He was mentioned in despatches for his action as a  turret officer aboard Collingwood in the Battle of Jutland (31 May – 1 June 1916), an  indecisive engagement with the German navy that was the largest naval action of the  war. He did not see further combat, largely because of ill health caused by a duodenal ulcer, for which he had an operation  in November 1917.  In February 1918, he was appointed Officer in Charge of Boys at the Royal Naval Air Service's training  establishment at Cranwell.  With the establishment of the Royal Air Force two months later and the  transfer of Cranwell from Navy to Air Force control, he transferred from the  Royal Navy to the Royal Air Force.  He was appointed Officer Commanding Number 4 Squadron of the Boys' Wing at  Cranwell until mid-1918,  before reporting to the RAF's Cadet School at St Leonards-on-Sea where he completed a  fortnight's training and took command of a squadron on the Cadet Wing.  He was the first member of the royal family to be certified as a fully qualified  pilot.  During the closing weeks of the war, he served on the staff of the RAF's Independent Air Force at its headquarters in Nancy, France.  Following the disbanding of the Independent Air Force in November 1918, he  remained on the Continent for two months as a staff officer with the Royal Air  Force until posted back to Britain.

In October 1919, Albert went up to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied  history, economics and civics for a year.  On 4 June 1920, he was created Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killarney.  He began to take on more royal duties. He represented his father, and toured  coal mines, factories, and railyards. Through such visits he acquired the  nickname of the "Industrial Prince".  His stammer, and his embarrassment over it, together with his tendency to  shyness, caused him to appear much less impressive than his older brother,  Edward. However, he was physically active and enjoyed playing tennis. He played  at Wimbledon in the Men's Doubles with Louis Greig in 1926.  He developed an interest in working conditions, and was President of the Industrial Welfare Society. His series of  annual summer camps for boys between 1921 and 1939 brought together boys from  different social backgrounds.

Marriage

See also: Wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady  Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

In a time when royals were expected to marry fellow royals, it was unusual  that Albert had a great deal of freedom in choosing a prospective wife. In 1920,  he met for the first time since childhood Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the youngest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne. He became  determined to marry her.  She rejected his proposal twice, in 1921 and 1922, reportedly because she was  reluctant to make the sacrifices necessary to become a member of the royal  family.  In the words of Lady Elizabeth's mother, Albert would be "made or marred" by his  choice of wife. After a protracted courtship, Elizabeth agreed to marry him.

They were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey. Albert's marriage to someone  not of royal birth was considered a modernising gesture.  The newly formed British Broadcasting Company wished to record  and broadcast the event on radio, but the Abbey Chapter vetoed the idea (although the Dean, Herbert Edward Ryle, was in favour).  Lady Elizabeth was styled "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York" after their  marriage.

 
The Duke and Duchess either side of the Mayor of Toowoomba, Australia, 1927

From December 1924 to April 1925, the Duke and Duchess toured Kenya, Uganda, and the Sudan, travelling via the Suez Canal and Aden. During the trip, they both went big game hunting.[30]

Because of his stammer, Albert dreaded public speaking.[31]  After his closing speech at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley on 31 October 1925, one which was an  ordeal for both him and his listeners,[32]  he began to see Lionel Logue, an Australian-born speech  therapist. The Duke and Logue practised breathing exercises, and the Duchess  rehearsed with him patiently.[33]  Subsequently, he was able to speak with less hesitation.[34]  With his delivery improved, the Duke opened the new Parliament House in Canberra, Australia, during a tour of the  empire in 1927.[35]  His journey by sea to Australia, New Zealand and Fiji took him via Jamaica,  where Albert played doubles tennis partnered with a black man, which was unusual  at the time and taken locally as a display of equality between races.[36]

The Duke and Duchess of York had two children: Elizabeth (called "Lilibet" by the family), and Margaret. The Duke and Duchess and their two  daughters lived a relatively sheltered life at their London residence, 145 Piccadilly. They were a close and loving  family.[37]  One of the few stirs arose when the Canadian Prime Minister, R. B. Bennett, considered the Duke for Governor General of Canada in 1931—a proposal  that King George V rejected on the advice of the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, J. H. Thomas.[38]

Reluctant king

 
George VI holds the Sceptre with the Cross, containing  the 530-carat Cullinan I Diamond. The Imperial State Crown is on the  right. Portrait by Sir Gerald Kelly.
Main article: Edward VIII abdication crisis

King George V had severe reservations about Prince Edward, saying, "I pray  God that my eldest son will never marry and that nothing will come between  Bertie and Lilibet and the throne."[39]  On 20 January 1936, George V died and Edward ascended the throne as Edward VIII.  In the Vigil of the Princes, Prince Albert and his  three brothers took a shift standing guard over their father's body as it lay in state, in a closed casket, in Westminster Hall.

As Edward was unmarried and had no children, Albert was the heir presumptive to the throne. Less than a  year later, on 11 December 1936, Edward VIII abdicated in order to marry his mistress, Wallis Simpson, who was divorced from her first  husband and divorcing her second. Edward had been advised by British Prime  Minister Stanley Baldwin that he could not remain king  and marry a divorced woman with two living ex-husbands. Edward chose abdication  in preference to abandoning his marriage plans. Thus Albert became king, a  position he was reluctant to accept.[40]  The day before the abdication, he went to London to see his mother, Queen Mary. He wrote in his diary, "When I told  her what had happened, I broke down and sobbed like a child."[41]

On the day of the abdication, the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Irish Free State, removed all direct mention of the monarch from  the Irish constitution. The next day, it passed the External Relations Act, which made provision  for the monarch to act as the state's representative in foreign affairs. The two  acts made the Irish Free State a republic in essence without removing its links  to the Commonwealth.[42]

Courtier and journalist Dermot Morrah alleged that there was brief  speculation as to the desirability of bypassing Albert (and his children) and  his brother, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, in favour of  their younger brother Prince George, Duke of Kent. This seems to have  been suggested on the grounds that Prince George was at that time the only  brother with a son.[43]

Early reign

Three-storey Victorian building festooned with garlands with the words "God Save the King" mounted on the pitched roof
 
Darlington Town Hall decorated for  the Coronation, 1937

Albert assumed the regnal name "George VI" to emphasise continuity  with his father and restore confidence in the monarchy.[44]  The beginning of George VI's reign was taken up by questions surrounding his  predecessor and brother, whose titles, style and position were uncertain. He had  been introduced as "His Royal Highness Prince Edward" for the abdication  broadcast,[45]  but George VI felt that by abdicating and renouncing the succession Edward had  lost the right to bear royal titles, including "Royal Highness".[46]  In settling the issue, George's first act as king was to confer upon his brother  the title and style "His Royal Highness The Duke of Windsor", but the Letters Patent creating the dukedom prevented  any wife or children from bearing royal styles. George VI was also forced to buy  from Edward the royal residences of Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House, as these were private  properties and did not pass to George VI automatically.[47]  Three days after his accession, on his 41st birthday, he invested his wife, the  new queen consort, with the Order of the Garter.[48]

George VI's coronation took place on 12 May  1937, the date previously intended for Edward's coronation. In a break with  tradition, Queen Mary attended the ceremony in a show of support for her son.[49]  There was no Durbar held in Delhi for George VI, as had occurred for his  father, as the cost would have been a burden to the government of India.[50]  Rising Indian nationalism made the welcome that the  royal couple would have received likely to be muted at best,[51]  and a prolonged absence from Britain would have been undesirable in the tense  period before the Second World War. Two overseas tours were undertaken, to  France and to North America, both of which promised greater strategic advantages  in the event of war.[52]

The growing likelihood of war in Europe dominated the early reign of George  VI. The King was constitutionally bound to support Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler.[9][53]  However, when the King and Queen greeted Chamberlain on his return from  negotiating the Munich Agreement in 1938, they invited him to  appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with them. This public  association of the monarchy with a politician was exceptional, as balcony  appearances were traditionally restricted to the royal family.[9]  While broadly popular among the general public, Chamberlain's policy towards  Hitler was the subject of some opposition in the House of Commons, which led historian John Grigg to describe the King's behaviour in  associating himself so prominently with a politician as "the most  unconstitutional act by a British sovereign in the present century".[54]

 
George VI grants Royal Assent to laws in the Canadian Senate, 19 May 1939. His  consort, Queen Elizabeth, is to the right.

In May and June 1939, the King and Queen toured Canada and the United  States. From Ottawa, the royal couple were accompanied  throughout by Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King,[55]  to present themselves in North America as King and Queen of Canada.[56][57]  George was the first reigning monarch of Canada to visit North America, although  he had been to Canada previously as Prince Albert and as Duke of York. Both Governor General of Canada Lord Tweedsmuir and Mackenzie King hoped that  the King's presence in Canada would demonstrate the principles of the Statute of Westminster 1931, which gave full  self-government to the British Dominions and recognised each Dominion  as having a separate crown. Thus, at his Canadian residence, Rideau Hall, George VI personally accepted and  approved the Letter of Credence of the newly appointed U.S.  Ambassador to Canada, Daniel Calhoun Roper. The official royal tour  historian, Gustave Lanctot, stated: "When Their Majesties  walked into their Canadian residence, the Statute of Westminster had assumed  full reality: the King of Canada had come home."[58]

The trip was intended to soften the strong isolationist tendencies among the North  American public with regard to the developing tensions in Europe. Although the  aim of the tour was mainly political, to shore up Atlantic support for the  United Kingdom in any future war, the King and Queen were enthusiastically  received by the public.[59]  The fear that George would be compared unfavourably to his predecessor, Edward  VIII, was dispelled.[60]  They visited the 1939 New York World's Fair and stayed with  President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House and at his private estate at Hyde Park, New York.[61]  A strong bond of friendship was forged between the King and Queen and the  President during the tour, which had major significance in the relations between  the United States and the United Kingdom through the ensuing war years.[62][63]

Second World War

In September 1939, Britain and the self-governing Dominions, but not Ireland,  declared war on Nazi Germany.[64]  George VI and his wife resolved to stay in London, despite German bombing raids. They officially stayed in  Buckingham Palace throughout the war, although they usually spent nights at Windsor Castle.[65]  The first German raid on London, on 7 September 1940, killed about one thousand  civilians, mostly in the East End.[66]  On 13 September, the King and Queen narrowly avoided death when two German bombs  exploded in a courtyard at Buckingham Palace while they were there.[67]  In defiance, the Queen famously declared: "I am glad we have been bombed. It  makes me feel we can look the East End in the face".[68]  The royal family were portrayed as sharing the same dangers and deprivations as  the rest of the country. They were subject to rationing restrictions, and U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt remarked on the rationed food  served and the limited bathwater that was permitted during a stay at the  unheated and boarded-up Palace.[69]  In August 1942, the King's brother, Prince George, Duke of Kent, was killed on  active service.[70]

 
George VI (left) with Field Marshal Montgomery (centre),  Belgium, October 1944

In 1940, Winston Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain  as Prime Minister, though personally George would have preferred to appoint Lord Halifax.[71]  After the King's initial dismay over Churchill's appointment of Lord Beaverbrook to the Cabinet, he and  Churchill developed "the closest personal relationship in modern British history  between a monarch and a Prime Minister".[72]  Every Tuesday for four and a half years from September 1940, the two men met  privately for lunch to discuss the war in secret and with frankness.[73]

Throughout the war, the King and Queen provided morale-boosting visits  throughout the United Kingdom, visiting bomb sites and munitions factories, and  in the King's case visiting military forces abroad. He visited France in  December 1939, North Africa and Malta in June 1943, Normandy in June 1944, southern Italy in July  1944, and the Low Countries in October 1944.[74]  Their high public profile and apparently indefatigable determination secured  their place as symbols of national resistance.[75]  While talking to the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, Sir Alan Brooke at a social function in 1944 about Field Marshal Montgomery, Brooke mentioned that  every time he met 'Monty' he thought he was after his job. The King replied:  "You should worry, when I meet him, I always think he's after mine!"[76]

In 1945, crowds shouted "We want the King!" in front of Buckingham Palace  during the Victory in Europe Day celebrations. In an echo  of Chamberlain's appearance, the King invited Churchill to appear with him on  the balcony to public acclaim.[77]

In January 1946, George addressed the United Nations at their first assembly,  which was held in London, and reaffirmed "our faith in the equal rights of men  and women and of nations great and small".[78]

Empire to Commonwealth

 
George VI (right) with British prime minister Clement Attlee, July 1945

George VI's reign saw the acceleration of the dissolution of the British Empire. The Statute of Westminster 1931, had already  acknowledged the evolution of the Dominions into separate sovereign states. The process of transformation  from an empire to a voluntary association of independent states, known as the Commonwealth, gathered pace after the Second  World War, especially during the ministry of Clement Attlee.[79] British India became the two independent  dominions of India and Pakistan in 1947.[80]  George relinquished the title of Emperor of India, and became King of India and  King of Pakistan instead. In 1950 he ceased to be King of India when it became a  republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, but he remained King of Pakistan  until his death and India recognised his new title of Head of the Commonwealth. Other countries left  the Commonwealth, such as Burma in January 1948, Palestine (divided between Israel and the Arab states) in May 1948 and the  Republic of Ireland in 1949.[81]

In 1947, the King and his family toured Southern Africa.[82]  The Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, Jan Smuts, was facing an election and hoped to  make political capital out of the visit.[83]  George was appalled, however, when instructed by the South African government to  shake hands only with whites,[84]  and referred to his South African bodyguards as "the Gestapo".[85]  Despite the tour, Smuts lost the election the following year, and the new  government instituted a strict policy of racial segregation.

Illness and death

 
Farthing of George VI, 1951

The stress of the war had taken its toll on the King's health,[86][87]  exacerbated by his heavy smoking[88]  and subsequent development of lung cancer among other ailments, including arteriosclerosis and possibly thromboangiitis obliterans. A planned tour of  Australia and New Zealand was postponed after the King suffered an arterial  blockage in his right leg, which threatened the loss of the leg and was treated  with a right lumbar sympathectomy in March 1949.[89]  Princess Elizabeth, the heir presumptive, took on more royal duties as her  father's health deteriorated. The delayed tour was re-organised, with Elizabeth  and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, taking the place of the King  and Queen. The King was well enough to open the Festival of Britain in May 1951, but on 23  September 1951, his left lung was removed by Clement Price Thomas after a malignant tumour  was found.[90]  In October 1951, Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh went on a  month-long tour of Canada; the trip had been delayed for a week due to the  King's illness. At the State Opening of Parliament in November, the  King's speech from the throne was read for him by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Simonds.[91]  His Christmas broadcast of 1951 was recorded in  sections, and then edited together.[92]

On 31 January 1952, despite advice from those close to him, the King went to London Airport to see off Princess Elizabeth,  who was going on her tour of Australia via Kenya. On the morning of 6 February, George VI  was found dead in bed at Sandringham House in Norfolk. He had died from  a coronary thrombosis in his sleep at the age of  56.[93]  His daughter Elizabeth flew back to Britain from Kenya as Queen Elizabeth II.

From 9 February for two days his coffin rested in St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham, before lying in state at Westminster Hall from 11 February.[94]  His funeral took place at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on the  15th.[95]  He was interred initially in the Royal Vault until he was transferred to the  King George VI Memorial Chapel inside St. George's on 26 March 1969.[96]  In 2002, fifty years after his death, the remains of his widow, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, and the ashes  of his younger daughter Princess Margaret, who both died that year,  were interred in the chapel alongside him.

Legacy

 
Statue of George VI at Carlton Gardens, London
See also: Cultural depictions of King George VI

In the words of Labour M.P. George Hardie, the abdication crisis of 1936  did "more for republicanism than fifty years of propaganda".[97]  George VI wrote to his brother Edward that in the aftermath of the abdication he  had reluctantly assumed "a rocking throne", and tried "to make it steady again".[98]  He became king at a point when public faith in the monarchy was at a low ebb.  During his reign his people endured the hardships of war, and imperial power was  eroded. However, as a dutiful family man and by showing personal courage, he  succeeded in restoring the popularity of the monarchy.[99][100]

The George Cross and the George Medal were founded at the King's  suggestion during the Second World War to recognise acts of exceptional civilian  bravery.[101]  He bestowed the George Cross on the entire "island fortress of Malta" in 1943.[102]  He was posthumously awarded the Ordre de la Libération by the French government  in 1960, one of only two people (the other being Churchill) to be awarded the  medal after 1946.[103]

There are a number of geographical features, roads, and institutions named  after George VI. These include King George Hospital in London; King George VI Reservoir in Surrey, United  Kingdom; King George VI Highway and King George Station in Surrey, British Columbia; Kingsway in Edmonton; George VI Sound in Antarctica; and the King George VI Chase, a horse race in the  United Kingdom.

On screen, George VI has been portrayed by, among others, Colin Firth, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor for the role in The King's Speech, a 2010 film that won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Titles,  styles, honours and arms

Main article: List of titles and honours of King George VI

Titles and styles

 
Royal cypher (monogram), 1949
  • 14 December 1895 – 28 May 1898: His Highness Prince Albert  of York
  • 28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901: His Royal Highness  Prince Albert of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: His Royal Highness Prince  Albert of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 4 June 1920: His Royal Highness The Prince  Albert
  • 4 June 1920 – 11 December 1936: His Royal Highness The Duke of York
  • 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952: His Majesty The King
    • 11 December 1936 – 14 August 1947 : His Imperial Majesty  The King-Emperor (in regard to British  India)

George held a number of titles throughout his life, as successively  great-grandson, grandson and son of the monarch. As sovereign, he was referred  to most often as simply The King or His Majesty. In his position  as sovereign, George automatically held the position of Commander-in-Chief.

Arms

As Duke of York, George bore the royal arms of the United Kingdom differenced  with a label of three points argent, the centre point bearing an anchor azure—a difference earlier awarded to his  father George V when he was Duke of York, and then later awarded to his  grandson, Prince Andrew, Duke of York. As king, he bore  the royal arms undifferenced.[104]

See adjacent text
Coat of arms as Duke of York 
Coat of arms as King of the United Kingdom (except  Scotland) 
Coat of arms in Scotland 
Coat of arms in Canada 

    

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Listing ID#155222903
Start TimeWed 01 Mar 2017 17:15:07 (EDT)
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