1201AD Artuquid of Mardin Authentic Medieval Ancient Islamic Coin i45062
1201AD Artuquid of Mardin Authentic Medieval Ancient Islamic Coin i45062
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1201AD Artuquid of Mardin Authentic Medieval Ancient Islamic Coin i45062

Listing Ended. This listing from ZlobinCoins [+14714] ended on Thu 12 Oct 2017 11:36:01 (EST). If you were involved in this then you can click here to login and view it within My eBid. To see more items from this seller click here. Public bidding/purchase history can be seen below.
  • Condition : See Descr.
  • Dispatch : Next Day
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  • Brand : Ilya Zlobin
  • Start : Wed 01 Mar 2017 13:44:42 (EST)
  • Close : Thu 12 Oct 2017 11:36:01 (EST)
  • Remain :
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Seller's Description

Item: i45062
 
Authentic Ancient Coin of:

Artuquid of Mardin
Artuq Arslan, 1201-1239 A.D.
AE Dirham 23mm (5.06 grams)
NM, AH611
A-1830.4

You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity.

The Artquids or Artuqid dynasty was a Turkmen dynasty that ruled in Eastern Anatolia, Northern Syria and Northern Iraq in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Two main branches of the dynasty ruled from Hasankeyf (Hısn-ı Keyf, Hısnkeyfa) between 1102 and 1231 and Mardin between 1106 and 1186 (and until 1409 as vassals). There was also a third branch that acquired Harput in 1112 and was independent between 1185 and 1233.

History

 
City walls of Diyarbakır.

The dynasty was founded by Artuq, son of Eksük, a general originally under Malik Shah I and then under the Seljuq emir of Damascus, Tutush I. Tutush appointed Artuq governor of Jerusalem in 1086. Artuq died in 1091, and his sons Sokman and Ilghazi were expelled from Jerusalem by the Fatimid vizier al-Afdal Shahanshah in 1098; the Fatimids lost the city to the crusaders the following year.

Sokman and Ilghazi set themselves up in Diyarbakır, Mardin, and Hasankeyf in the Jezirah, where they came into conflict with the sultanate of Great Seljuq. Sokman, bey of Mardin, defeated the crusaders at the Battle of Harran in 1104. Ilghazi succeeded Sokman in Mardin and imposed his control over Aleppo at the request of the qadi Ibn al-Khashshab in 1118. In 1119 Ilgazi defeated the crusader Principality of Antioch at the Battle of Ager Sanguinis.

In 1121 a Seljuq-Artuqid alliance, commanded by Mehmed I of Great Seljuq and Ilghazi, was defeated by Georgia at the Battle of Didgori. Ilghazi died in 1122, and although his nephew Balak nominally controlled Aleppo, the city was really controlled by Ibn al-Khashshab. Al-Kashshab was assassinated in 1125, and Aleppo fell under the control of Zengi of Mosul. After the death of Balak, the Artuqids were split between Diyarbakır, Hasankeyf and Mardin. Sokman's son Davud, bey of Hasankeyf, died in 1144, and was succeeded by his son Kara Aslan. Kara Aslan allied with Joscelin II of Edessa against the Zengids, and while Joscelin was away in 1144, Zengi recaptured Edessa, the first of the Crusader states to fall (see Siege of Edessa). Hasankeyf became a vassal of Zengi as well.

Kara Aslan's son Nur ad-Din Muhammad allied with the Ayyubid sultan Saladin against the Sultan of Rum Kilij Arslan II, whose daughter had married Nur ad-Din Muhammad. In the peace settlement with Kilij Arslan, Saladin gained control of the Artuqid territory, even though the Artuqids were still technically vassals of Mosul, which Saladin did not yet control. With Artuqid support, however, Saladin eventually took control of Mosul as well.

The Artuklu dynasty remained in nominal command of upper Mesopotamia, but their power declined under Ayyubid rule. The Hasankeyf branch conquered Diyarbakır in 1198 and moved here, but was demolished by the Ayyubids in 1231 when it attempted to form an alliance with the Seljuqs. The Harput branch was destroyed by the Sultanate of Rum due to following a slippery policy between the Ayyubids and Seljuqs. The Mardin branch survived for longer, but as a vassal of the Ayyubids, Sultanate of Rum, Il-Khanate and the Timurids. Karakoyunlu captured Mardin and finally put an end to Artuklu rule in 1409.

Art

 
Figurative Architectural Piece Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum, Istanbul

Despite their constant preoccupation with war, members of the Artuklu dynasty left brilliant architectural monuments.

They made the most significant additions to Diyarbakır City Walls. Urfa Gate was rebuilt by Muhammad, son of Kara Arslan. In the same area of the western wall, south of Urfa Gate, two imposing towers, Ulu Beden and Yedi Kardeş were commissioned in 1208 by the Artuklu ruler Salih Mahmud who designed the Yedi Kardeş tower himself and apposed the Artukid double-headed eagle on its walls.

A large caravanserai in Mardin as well as the civil engineering feat of Malabadi Bridge are still in regular use in our day. The partially standing Old Bridge, Hasankeyf, was built in 1116 by Kara Arslan.

The Great Mosques of Mardin and Silvan were possibly but in any case considerably developed over the 12th century by several Artuklu rulers on the basis of existing Seljuq edifices. The congregational mosque of Dunaysir (now Kızıltepe) was commissioned by Artuklu Bey Yülük Arslan (1184–1203) and completed after his death in 1204 by his brother Artuk Arslan (1203–1239).

Coinage

Rulers of Artuqids

Hısnkeyfa Branch (Its center initially Hısnkeyfa, moved to Amid in 1183)

  • Müineddevle Sökmen Bey (1098-1104)
  • İbrahim (1104-1109)
  • Rükneddin Davud (1109-1144)
  • Ebulharis Fahreddin Karaaslan (1144-1167)
  • Nureddin Muhammed (1167-1185)
  • Mesud Kutbeddin (1185-1200)
  • Salih Nasreddin Mahmud (1200-1222)
  • Mesud Rükneddin Mevdud (1222-1231)

To Ayyubids.

Harput Branch (It was initially part of Hısnkeyfa one till 1185)

  • İmadeddin Ebubekir (1185-1203)
  • Nizameddin Ebubekir (1203-1223)
  • Nizameddin İbrahim (1223-1224)
  • Şemsüddevle Süleyman (1224)
  • İzzeddin Ahmed (1224-1234)[2]

To Sultanate of Rum

Mardin Branch

  • Necmeddin İlgazi (1104-1122)
  • Hüsameddin Timurtaş (1122-1154)
  • Necmeddin Alpı (1154-1176)
  • Kutbeddin İlgazi (1176-1184)
  • Hüsameddin Yavlak Yörükaslan (1184-1201)
  • Mansur Nasreddin Artuk Arslan (1201-1239)
  • Said Necmeddin Gazi (1239-1260)
  • Muzaffer Ebulfeth Fahreddin Karaaslan (1260-1292)
  • Semseddin Davud (1292-1294)
  • Mansur Necmeddin Gazi (1294-1312)
  • Adil İmadeddin Ali Alpı (1312)
  • Salih Şemseddin (1312-1363)
  • Mansur Ahmed (1363-1367)
  • Salih Mahmud (1367)
  • Muzaffer Davud (1367-1376)
  • Zahir Mecdeddin İsa (1376-1407)
  • Salih Şihabeddin Ahmed (1407-1409)

To Kara Koyunlu

Aleppo subbranch (It was bounded to Mardin branch)

  • İlgazi Bey (1117-1121)
  • Eburebi Bedriddevle Süleyman (1121-1123)
  • Belek Gazi (1123-1124)
  • Timurtaş (1124)
  • İzzeddin Ahmed (1224-1234)

to Zengids

See also

  • List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

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Listing Information

Listing TypeGallery Listing
Listing ID#155216164
Start TimeWed 01 Mar 2017 13:44:42 (EST)
Close TimeThu 12 Oct 2017 11:36:01 (EST)
Starting BidFixed Price (no bidding)
Item ConditionSee Descr.
Bids0
Views1
Dispatch TimeNext Day
Quantity1
LocationUnited States
Auto ExtendNo

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