1152AD Artuquid of Mardin Seleukid Style Authentic Ancient Islamic Coin i57536
1152AD Artuquid of Mardin Seleukid Style Authentic Ancient Islamic Coin i57536
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1152AD Artuquid of Mardin Seleukid Style Authentic Ancient Islamic Coin i57536

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  • Start : Wed 01 Mar 2017 17:59:29 (EDT)
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Seller's Description

Item: i57536
 
Authentic Ancient  Coin of:

ISLAMIC. Turkoman. Artuqids of Mardin
Najm al-Din Alpi.  547-572 A.H. / 1152-1176 A.D.
 Bronze Drachm 29mm (11.58 grams)
Reference: Whelan type I, 37-8; S&S Type 27; Album 1827.2
Pedigree: Ex CNG Sale XXIX 3/30/94, lot 1522
 Diademed Seleukid-style bust right.
Name and title of Najm al-Din Alpi in four lines and in margins.

You are bidding on the exact item pictured,  provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of  Authenticity.

The Artquids or Artuqid dynasty (Modern  Turkish: Artuklu Beyliği or Artıklılar, sometimes also spelled  as Artukid, Ortoqid or Ortokid; Turkish plural: Artukoğulları; Azeri Turkish : Artıqlı) was a Turkmen dynasty that ruled in the eleventh and  twelfth centuries. The Artuqid dynasty took its name from its founder, Artuk Bey, who was of the Döger branch of the  Oghuz and ruled one of the Turkmen atabeyliks of the Seljuk Empire. The Artuqid  rulers viewed the state as the common property of the dynasty members. Three  branches of the family ruled in the region: Sokmen Bey's descendants ruled the region  around Hasankeyf between 1102 and 1231; Necmeddin Ilgazi's branch ruled from Mardin between 1106 and 1186 (and until 1409 as  vassals); and the Mayyafariqin Artuqid line ruled in Harput starting in 1112, and was independent  between 1185 and 1233.

Artuqid rulers commissioned many public buildings, such as mosques, bazaars,  bridges, hospitals and baths for the benefit of their subjects. They left an  important cultural heritage by contributing to literature and the art of  metalworking. The door and door handles of the great Mosque  of Cizre are unique examples of Artuqid metal working craftsmanship, which can  be seen in the Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum in Istanbul,  Turkey.


Mardin (Kurdish: Mêrdîn‎, Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ, Arabic/Ottoman  Turkish: ماردين Mārdīn, Armenian: Մարդին) is a  city in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid (Artıklı or Artuklu in Turkish)  architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill  near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat  plains.

History

Antiquity

Further information: Upper Mesopotamia

The territory of Mardin and Karaca Dağ was known as Izalla in the Late Bronze Age (variously: KURAzalzi, KURAzalli, KURIzalla), a Hurrian kingdom first mentioned during the  reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, c. 1230 BC).[citation  needed] The city was absorbed into Assyria during the Middle Assyrian Empire (1365-1020 BC), and then  again during the Neo Assyrian Empire (911-605 BC).

The ancient name was rendered as Izalā in Old Persian and it survived into the Assyrian Christian period as the name of Mt. Izala (Izla), on which in the early 4th  century AD stood the monastery of Nisibis, housing seventy monks.

In the Roman period, the city itself was known as Marida (Merida),  supposedly from a Syriac-Assyrian  name translating to "fortress". The bishopric of the Assyrian Church of the East that was centred on  the town when it was part of the Roman province of Osrhoene (a former Neo Assyrian kingdom) became part of the Catholic Church in the late 17th century AD,  and is still included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees under the ancient name of the  town. It was a suffragan see of Edessa, the province's metropolitan see.

Medieval history

Byzantine Izala fell to the Seljuks in the 11th century. During the Artukid period, many of Mardin's historic  buildings were constructed, including several Mosques, Palaces, Madrassas and  Hans.[citation  needed] Mardin served as the capital of one of the  two Artukid branches during the 11th and 12th centuries. The lands of the  Artukid dynasty fell to the Mongol invasion sometime between 1235 and 1243,  but the Artukids continued to govern as vassals of the Mongol Empire. During the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, the Artukid  governor revolted against Mongol rule. Hulegu's general and Chupan's ancestor,  Koke-Ilge of the Jalayir, stormed the city and Hulegu appointed  the rebel's son, al-Nasir, governor of Mardin. Although, Hulegu suspected the  latter's loyalty for a while, thereafter the Artukids remained loyal unlike  nomadic Bedoun and Kurd tribes in the south western frontier. The Mongol  Ilkhanids considered them important allies. For this loyalty they shown,  Artukids were given more lands in 1298 and 1304.[citation  needed] Mardin later passed to the Akkoyunlu, a federation of Turkic tribes that  controlled territory all the way to the Caspian Sea.

During the medieval period, the town became the centre for episcopal sees of Armenian and Assyrian-Syriac  Christians. For instance, the Chaldean diocese seems to have been founded in  the second half of the 16th century after breaking from the Assyrian Church of the East.

Modern history

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1526 10,000 —    
1927 22,249 +122.5%
1945 18,522 −16.8%
1950 19,354 +4.5%
1955 24,379 +26.0%
1970 33,740 +38.4%
1990 53,005 +57.1%
2000 65,072 +22.8%
2012 86,948 +33.6%
 
Men in Mardin, around 1900

In 1517, Mardin was annexed by the Ottomans under Selim I. During this time, Mardin was  administered by a governor directly appointed under the Ottoman Sultan's  authority. In 1923, with the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Mardin was made  the administrative capital of a province named after it.

During World War I Mardin, among other regions close  by was one of the sites affected by the Assyrian Genocide and Armenian Genocide. On the eve of World War I,  Mardin was home to over 12,000 Syriac Christians and over 7,500 Armenians, all  of whom generally spoke Arabic. In June of 1915, most of the city's Christian  notables and its Armenian male population were slaughtered and thrown into caves  near Şeyhan. Others were sent to the infamous camps of Ras al-'Ayn, though some  managed to escape to the Sinjar Mountain with help from local Chechens.  Kurds and Arabs of Mardin typically refer to these events as "fırman"  (government order), while Syriac Christians call it "seyfo" (sword). Many Syriac  survivors of the violence left Mardin for nearby Qamishli in the 1940s after  their conscription in the Turkish military became compulsory.


    

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Listing Information

Listing TypeGallery Listing
Listing ID#155224289
Start TimeWed 01 Mar 2017 17:59:29 (EDT)
Close TimeRun Until Sold
Starting BidFixed Price (no bidding)
Item ConditionSee Descr.
Bids0
Views35
Dispatch TimeNext Day
Quantity1
LocationUnited States
Auto ExtendNo

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