1017AD Chinese No. Song Dynasty CHEN TSUNG Cash Coin of ANCIENT CHINA i57717
1017AD Chinese No. Song Dynasty CHEN TSUNG Cash Coin of ANCIENT CHINA i57717
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1017AD Chinese No. Song Dynasty CHEN TSUNG Cash Coin of ANCIENT CHINA i57717

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  • Start : Wed 01 Mar 2017 10:23:26 (EDT)
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Seller's Description

Item:  i57717
  
Authentic Ancient  Coin of:

China
No. Sung
Chen Tsung, 998-1022 A.D.
T'ien-hsi era, 1017-1021 A.D.
Bronze Cash 25mm (3.79 grams) Cast 1017-1022 A.D.
Reference: Mixed Characters S-479; Orthodox S-480,  482; H-16.68-71

You are bidding on the exact  item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime  Guarantee of Authenticity.

Click here to  see ALL COINS of CHINA available for sale in my store.


Zhenzong.jpgEmperor  Zhenzong of Song (23 December 968 – 23 March  1022), personal name Zhao Heng, was the third  emperor of the Song dynasty in  China. He reigned from 997 to his death in 1022. His  personal name was originally Zhao Dechang,  but was changed to Zhao Yuanxiu in 983, Zhao Yuankan in 986, and finally Zhao Heng in  995. He was the third son of his predecessor, Emperor Taizong,  and was succeeded by his sixth son, Emperor Renzong.

Emperor Zhenzong's reign was noted for the  consolidation of power and the strengthening of the  Song Empire. The empire prospered, and its military  might was further reinforced. However, it would also  mark the beginning of a foreign policy towards the Khitan-led Liao dynasty in the  north that would ultimately result in humiliation.  In 1004, the Khitans waged war against the Song  Empire. Emperor Zhenzong, leading his army, struck  back at the Khitans. Despite initial successes, in  1005, Emperor Zhenzong concluded the Shanyuan Treaty.  The treaty resulted in over a century of peace, but  at the price of the Song Empire agreeing to an  inferior position to the Liao Empire, and also  agreeing to pay an annual tribute of 100,000 ounces  of silver and over 200,000 bolts of silk. The  admission of inferiority would come to plague the  foreign affairs of the Song Empire, while the  payments slowly depleted the empire's coffers.

He was responsible for ordering the shipment of  30,000 bushels of quick-maturing rice seed from the Fujian Province to  the lower Yangtze basin in  1011–1012, improving agriculture.

Emperor Zhenzong stressed the importance of Taoism at his  imperial court. It was during his reign that the  so-called Heavenly Texts, which glorified the Zhao family, were  allegedly discovered. This was followed up by  imperial sacrificial ceremonies carried out at Mount Tai. From  1013 to 1015, the emperor issued official decrees  deifying the Jade Emperor as the  highest ruler of Heaven.

Champa rice was  introduced to China from Champa during  Emperor Zhenzong's reign.

Archaeology

A number of Chinese artifacts dating from the Tang dynasty and Song dynasty, some  of which had been owned by Emperor Zhenzong were  excavated and then came into the hands of the Kuomintang general Ma Hongkui, who  refused to publicise the findings. Among the  artifacts were a white marble tablet from the Tang  dynasty, gold nails, and bands made out of metal. It  was not until after Ma died, that his wife went to  Taiwan in 1971 from the United States to bring the  artifacts to Chiang Kai-shek,  who turned them over to the Taipei National Palace Museum.



The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and  continued until 1279. It succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, and was  followed by the Yuan dynasty. It was the first government in  world history to nationally issue banknotes or true paper money, and the first  Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also  saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as the first discernment of true north using a compass.

The Song dynasty is divided into two distinct periods: the Northern Song and  Southern Song. During the Northern Song (Chinese: 北宋, 960–1127), the Song capital was in the  northern city of Bianjing (now Kaifeng), and the dynasty controlled most of inner China. The Southern Song (Chinese: 南宋, 1127–1279) refers to the period after  the Song lost control of northern China to the Jin dynasty in the Jin–Song wars. During this time, the Song court  retreated south of the Yangtze River and established their capital at  Lin'an (now Hangzhou). Although the Song dynasty had lost  control of the traditional birthplace of Chinese civilization along the Yellow River, the Song economy was not in  ruins, as the Southern Song Empire contained 60 percent of China's population  and a majority of the most productive agricultural land. The Southern Song  dynasty considerably bolstered its naval strength to defend its waters and land borders and to conduct maritime missions abroad.

To repel the Jin, and later the Mongols, the Song developed revolutionary new  military technology augmented by the use of gunpowder. In 1234, the Jin dynasty  was conquered by the Mongols, who took control of northern China, maintaining  uneasy relations with the Southern Song. Möngke Khan, the fourth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, died in 1259  while besieging the city of Chongqing. His younger brother Kublai Khan was proclaimed the new Great Khan,  though his claim was only partially recognized by the Mongols in the west. In  1271, Kublai Khan was proclaimed the Emperor of China. After two decades of sporadic  warfare, Kublai Khan's armies conquered the Song dynasty in 1279. China was  once again unified, under the Mongol Yuan dynasty (1271–1368).

The Song dynasty regained China's unity after the fall of the Tang dynasty.  Creating China into a dominant empire, the Song made the most richest, skilled,  and populous known country on earth. The population of China doubled in size  during the 10th and 11th centuries. This growth came through expanded rice  cultivation in central and southern China, the use of early-ripening rice from  south-east and southern Asia, and the production of abundant food surpluses. The  Northern Song census recorded a population of roughly 50 million, much like the Han and Tang dynasties. This data is found in the Standard Histories. However, it is  estimated that the Northern Song had a population of some 100 million people,  and 200 million by the time of the Ming dynasty. This dramatic increase of  population fomented an economic revolution in pre-modern China. The  expansion of the population was partially the cause for the gradual withdrawal  of the central government from heavily regulating the market economy. A much  larger populace also increased the importance of the lower gentry's role in  grassroots administration and local affairs. Appointed officials in county and  provincial centers relied upon the scholarly gentry for their services,  sponsorship, and local supervision.

Social life during the Song was vibrant. Citizens gathered to view and trade  precious artworks, the populace intermingled at public festivals and private  clubs, and cities had lively entertainment quarters. The spread of literature  and knowledge was enhanced by the earlier invention of woodblock printing and the 11th-century  invention of movable-type printing. Pre-modern technology,  science, philosophy, mathematics, engineering, and other intellectual pursuits  flourished over the course of the Song. Philosophers such as Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi reinvigorated Confucianism with new commentary, infused with Buddhist ideals, and emphasized a new  organization of classic texts that brought out the core doctrine of Neo-Confucianism. Although the institution of  the civil service examinations had existed since  the Sui dynasty, it became much more prominent in  the Song period. This became a leading factor in the shift of an aristocratic elite to a bureaucratic elite.


Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.China,  officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state  in East Asia.  With a population of over 1.381 billion,  it is the world's most populous state.  The state is governed by the Communist Party of China  based in the capital of Beijing. It  exercises jurisdiction  over 22 provinces,  five autonomous regions,  four direct-controlled  municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai,  and Chongqing),  two mostly self-governing special administrative regions  (Hong  Kong and Macau), and  claims sovereignty over Taiwan.  China is a great power  and a major regional power  within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.

Covering  approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China  is the world's second largest state by land  area, and either the third or fourth-largest by  total area, depending on the  method of measurement. China's landscape is vast and  diverse, ranging from forest steppes  and the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts  in the arid north to subtropical  forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan  mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central  Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers,  the third and sixth longest in the world,  respectively, run from the Tibetan Plateau  to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's  coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500  kilometers (9,000 mi) long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East China,  and South China  seas.

China is one of the cradles of civilization,  with its known history beginning with an ancient  civilization – one of the world's earliest – that  flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River  in the North China Plain.  For millennia, China's political system was based on  hereditary monarchies known as dynasties.  Since 221 BC,  when the Qin Dynasty  first conquered several states to form a Chinese  empire, the state has expanded, fractured and  reformed numerous times. The Republic of China  (ROC) replaced the last dynasty  in 1912, and ruled the Chinese mainland  until 1949, when it was defeated by the Communist  Party of China in the Chinese Civil War.  The Communist Party established the People's  Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949,  while the ROC government relocated to Taiwan with  its present de facto temporary capital  in Taipei. Both  the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the  legitimate government of all China.

China had the largest economy in the world for  most of the past two thousand years, during which it  has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the  introduction of economic reforms in 1978,  China has become one of the world's fastest-growing  major economies. As of 2014, it is the world's  second-largest economy by nominal GDP  and largest by purchasing power parity  (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter  and second-largest importer of goods. China is a  recognized nuclear weapons state  and has the world's largest standing army  and second-largest defense budget.  The PRC is a member of the United Nations,  as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member  of the U.N. Security Council  in 1971. China is also a member of numerous formal  and informal multilateral organizations, including  the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation  Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G-20.


Frequently Asked Questionss

Mr. Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more.
Mr. Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more.

Who am I dealing with?

You are dealing with Ilya Zlobin, ancient coin expert, enthusiast, author and dealer with an online store having a selection of over 15,000 items with great positive feedback from verified buyers and over 10 years experience dealing with over 57,000 ancient and world coins and artifacts. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Most others are only concerned with selling you, Ilya Zlobin is most interested in educating you on the subject, and providing the largest selection, most professional presentation and service for the best long-term value for collectors worldwide creating returning patrons sharing in the passion of ancient and world coin collecting for a lifetime.

How long until my order is shipped?

Orders are shipped by the next business day (after receipt of payment) most of the time.

How will I know when the order was shipped?

After your order has shipped, you will be left positive feedback, and that date could be used as a basis of estimating an arrival date. Any tracking number would be found under your 'Purchase history' tab.

USPS First Class mail takes about 3-5 business days to arrive in the U.S. International shipping times cannot be estimated as they vary from country to country.

Standard international mail to many countries does not include a tracking number, and can also be slow sometimes. For a tracking number and signature confirmation, you may want to do Express Mail International Shipping, which costs more, however, is the fastest and most secure. Additionally you may be able to receive your order in as little as 3-5 business days using this method. For Express Mail International, it may be possible to place up to 10-15 items in one package (for the one shipping cost) as it is flat rate envelope, which may be the most cost-effective, secure and fastest way to receive items internationally. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method.

Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly.

Please be aware, I cannot take responsibility for any postal service delivery delays, especially for international packages as it may happen in rare instances.

What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic?

Each of the items sold here, is provided with a Certificate of Authenticity, and a Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity, issued by a world-renowned numismatic and antique expert that has identified over 57,000 ancient coins and has provided them with the same guarantee. You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Additionally, the coin is inside it's own protective coin flip (holder), with a 2x2 inch description of the coin matching the individual number on the COA.

On the free-market such a presentation alone, can be considered a $25-$50 value all in itself, and it comes standard with your purchases from me, FREE. With every purchase, you are leveraging my many years of experience to get a more complete context and understanding of the piece of history you are getting. Whether your goal is to collect or give the item as a gift, coins presented like this could be more prized and valued higher than items that were not given such care and attention to.

Buy a coin today and own a piece of history, guaranteed.

Ilya Zlobin's COA and Guarantee for His Coins

Is there a money back guarantee?

I offer a 30 day unconditional money back guarantee. I stand behind my coins and would be willing to exchange your order for either store credit towards other coins, or refund, minus shipping expenses, within 30 days from the receipt of your order. My goal is to have the returning customers for a lifetime, and I am so sure in my coins, their authenticity, numismatic value and beauty, I can offer such a guarantee.

Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order?

You can contact me directly via ask seller a question and request my  telephone number, or go to my About Me Page  to get my contact information only in regards to items purchased  on .

When should I leave feedback?

Once you receive your order, please leave a positive feedback. Please don't leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens  sometimes that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for their order to arrive. Also, if you sent an email, make sure to check for my reply in your messages before claiming that you didn't receive a response. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service.

How and where do I learn more about collecting ancient coins?

Visit the "Guide on How to Use My Store" for on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for.

You may also want to do a YouTube search for the term "ancient coin collecting" for educational videos on this topic.

Listing Information

Listing TypeGallery Listing
Listing ID#155205404
Start TimeWed 01 Mar 2017 10:23:26 (EDT)
Close TimeRun Until Sold
Starting BidFixed Price (no bidding)
Item ConditionSee Descr.
Bids0
Views19
Dispatch TimeNext Day
Quantity1
LocationUnited States
Auto ExtendNo

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