Antiochos VIII (Grypos) Seleukid Kingdom 121BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle i53742
Antiochos VIII (Grypos) Seleukid Kingdom 121BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle i53742
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Antiochos VIII (Grypos) Seleukid Kingdom 121BC Ancient Greek Coin Eagle i53742

Listing Ended. This listing from ZlobinCoins [+14714] ended on Thu 12 Oct 2017 11:37:49 (EST). If you were involved in this then you can click here to login and view it within My eBid. To see more items from this seller click here. Public bidding/purchase history can be seen below.
  • Condition : See Descr.
  • Dispatch : Next Day
  • Barcode : None
  • Brand : Ilya Zlobin
  • Start : Wed 01 Mar 2017 16:15:04 (EST)
  • Close : Thu 12 Oct 2017 11:37:49 (EST)
  • Remain :
    Listing Closed
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Seller's Description

Item: i53742
 
 Authentic Ancient :

Greek coin of Seleukid Kingdom
Antiochos VIII Grypos - King: 121-96 B.C.
Bronze 18mm (6.28 grams) Struck 121-120 B.C.
Reference: HGC 9, 1212; Sear 7154; B.MC. 4. 90, 27 ---
Radiate and diademed head of Antiochos VIII right.
Eagle standing left, scepter in background; on right, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ANTIOXOY; on left , ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ;
in field to left, IE; in exergue, Seleukid date and palm.

You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity.  

Antiochus VIII Epiphanes/Callinicus/Philometor, nicknamed Grypus (hook-nose), was crowned as ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom in 125 BC. He was the son of Demetrius II Nicator and Cleopatra Thea.

Biography

Antiochus Grypus was crowned as a teenager in 125 BC after his mother Cleopatra Thea had killed his elder brother Seleucus V Philometor, ruling jointly with her. After Antiochus defeated usurper Alexander II Zabinas in 123 BC his mother tried to poison him with wine, but the suspicious king forced her to drink the cup herself. (The story may have been inspired by the fact that Grypus was interested in toxicology; some poems about poisonous herbs believed to have been written by him are quoted by the famous physician Galen).

Either he or his half brother Antiochus IX Cyzicenus is probably identical with the ephemeral child ruler Antiochus Epiphanes, who was crowned by Cleopatra Thea after the death of Antiochus VII but before Demetrius II returned to Antioch. The child Antiochus Epiphanes, who is known from coins, was deposed—but not killed—when Demetrius II was restored in 129 BC.

 
Coin of Antiochus VIII Grypus. Reverse: god Sandan standing on the horned lion, in his pyre surmounted by an eagle.

Despite political shortcomings, Grypus was a popular king. His ugly, lazy appearance on coins (common among the last Seleucids), together with stories of his lavish banquets, made posterity believe his dynasty was degenerated and decadent. This was however a conscious image, an invocation of the Hellenistic idea Tryphe - meaning good life, which the last Seleucids strove to be associated with, as opposed to the exhausting civil wars and feuds which troubled their reigns in reality.

A story of his luxurious parties claims he sent food home with guests who attended banquets, complete with a camel as beast of burden, as well as a with attendant to carry the guest himself. This should certainly have caused some strain on the already depleted treasury.

Family

He married the Ptolemaic princess Tryphaena, but in 116 BC his half-brother and cousin Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (see Antiochus VII Sidetes) returned from exile and a civil war began. Cyzicenus' wife, also named Cleopatra, was a sister of Tryphaena and was eventually killed in a dramatic fashion in the temple of Daphne outside Antioch, on the order of Tryphaena. Cyzicenus eventually killed Tryphaena as revenge. The two brothers then divided the Seleukid Kingdom between them until Grypus was killed by his minister Heracleon in 96 BC.

Five of Grypus' sons later rose to kingship:

  • Seleucus VI Epiphanes
  • Antiochus XI Ephiphanes Philadelphus
  • Philip I Philadelphus
  • Demetrius III Eucaerus
  • Antiochus XII Dionysus

This contributed to the confusion of civil war amid which the Seleucid empire ended.

He also had at least one daughter:

  • Laodice VII Thea, married to king Mithridates I Callinicus of Commagene as part of a settlement by Mithridates' father Sames II Theosebes Dikaios to ensure peace between the Kingdom of Commagene and the Seleucid Empire. Laodice and Mithridates' son was king Antiochus I Theos of Commagene. This was a grandson to Grypus.

 Seleucid Empire
Σελεύκεια
Seleúkeia
 
 
312 BC–63 BC
The Seleucid Empire in 301 BC.

The Seleucid Empire  was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus received Babylonia and, from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near eastern territories. At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Kuwait, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and northwest parts of India.

The Seleucid Empire was a major center of Hellenistic culture that maintained the preeminence of Greek customs where a Greek-Macedonian political elite dominated, mostly in the urban areas. The Greek population of the cities who formed the dominant elite were reinforced by emigration from Greece. Seleucid expansion into Anatolia and Greece was abruptly halted after decisive defeats at the hands of the Roman army. Their attempts to defeat their old enemy Ptolemaic Egypt were frustrated by Roman demands. Much of the eastern part of the empire was conquered by the Parthians under Mithridates I of Parthia in the mid-2nd century BC, yet the Seleucid kings continued to rule a rump state from the Seleukid Kingdom until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey.


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Listing Information

Listing TypeGallery Listing
Listing ID#155222901
Start TimeWed 01 Mar 2017 16:15:04 (EST)
Close TimeThu 12 Oct 2017 11:37:49 (EST)
Starting BidFixed Price (no bidding)
Item ConditionSee Descr.
Bids0
Views1
Dispatch TimeNext Day
Quantity1
LocationUnited States
Auto ExtendNo

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