Agrippa I - King of Judaea: 37-44 A.D.
Bronze 'Prutah' 17mm (2.50 grams)
Struck in the
Jerusalem mint Year 6, 41/42 A.D. during the time of Emperor
(5th edition); Hendin 553 (3rd Edition)
L S (year 6) flanking three ears of barley. (Symbol of fertility of the land.).
Umbrella-like canopy with fringes, Greek legend, BACIΛEWC
AΓPIΠΑ "of King Agrippa" around.
Umbrella like canopy is
attributed as being a symbol of power.)
Evidence points out that this coin was struck by Agrippa I for
areas populated largely by the Jewish people of Judaea.
You are bidding on the exact item pictured,
provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of
A baldachin, or baldaquin (from
baldacchino), is a canopy of state over an
throne. It had its beginnings as a cloth
canopy, but in other cases it is a sturdy, permanent
architectural feature, particularly over
high altars in
cathedrals, where such a structure is more
correctly called a
ciborium when it is sufficiently architectural
in form. A cloth of honour is a simpler cloth hanging vertically behind
the throne, which may be combined with a canopy.
Agrippa I also called the Great (10 BC - 44
King of the Jews, was the grandson of
Herod the Great, and son of
Aristobulus IV and
His original name was Marcus Julius Agrippa, and he is the king named
Herod in the
Acts of the Apostles, in the
(Agrippa)" (Ἡρώδης Ἀγρίππας). He was,
Josephus, known in his time as "Agrippa the Great".
informs us that, after the murder of his father, young Agrippa was sent by Herod
the Great to the imperial court in
conceived a great affection for him, and had him educated alongside his son
Drusus, who also befriended him, and future emperor
On the death of Drusus, Agrippa, who had been recklessly extravagant and was
deeply in debt, was obliged to leave Rome, fleeing to the fortress of Malatha in
Idumaea. There, it was said, he contemplated suicide.
After a brief seclusion, through the mediation of his wife Cypros and his
Agrippa was given a sum of money by his uncle, Herodias' husband,
Perea, and was allowed to take up residence in
and received the rank of
aedile in that
city, with a small yearly income. But having quarrelled with his brother-in-law,
he fled to
Syria. Soon afterwards he was convicted, through the information of his
Aristobulus, of having received a bribe from the
who wished to purchase his influence with the proconsul, and was again compelled
to flee. He was arrested as he was about to sail for
Italy, for a sum
of money which he owed to the treasury of Caesar, but made his escape, and
Alexandria, where his wife succeeded in procuring a supply of money from
Alexander the Alabarch. He then set sail, and landed at
Puteoli. He was favorably received by
who entrusted him with the education of his grandson Tiberius Gemellus. He also
formed an intimacy with
then a popular favorite. Agrippa was one day overheard by his freedman Eutyches
expressing a wish for Tiberius' death and the advancement of Caligula, and for
this he was cast into prison.
Following Tiberius' death and the ascension of Agrippa's friend Caligula,
Agrippa was set free and made governor first of the territories of
Trachonitis that his cousin
Herod II had held, then of the
with the title of "king". Caligula also presented him with a golden chain of a
weight equal to the iron one he had worn in prison. In 39 AD, Agrippa returned
to Rome, and brought about the banishment of his uncle,
Antipas, whose tetrarchy over
Peraea he then was granted.
On the assassination of Caligula in 41, Agrippa's advice helped to secure
accession as emperor, while he made a show of being in the interest of the
senate. As a reward for his assistance, Claudius gave Agrippa dominion over
while the kingdom of
Lebanon was at his request given to his brother
Herod III. Thus Agrippa became one of the most powerful princes of the east;
the territory he possessed exceeded that which was held by his grandfather
Herod the Great.
In the city of
Berytus he built a theatre and amphitheatre, baths, and porticoes. He
expressed similar magnanimity in
The suspicions of
prevented him from finishing the fortifications with which he had begun to
surround Jerusalem. His friendship was courted by many of the neighboring kings
some of whom he housed in
which also caused
He returned to Judea and governed it to the satisfaction of the Jews. His
zeal, private and public, for Judaism is recorded by
Perhaps because of this, his passage through
around 40 instigated anti-Jewish
At the risk of his own life, or at least of his liberty, he interceded with
Caligula on behalf of the Jews, when that emperor was attempting to set up his
statue in the temple at Jerusalem shortly before his death in 41.
Passover in 44, Agrippa went to
Caesarea, where he had games performed in honor of Claudius. In the midst of
his elation Agrippa saw an
owl perched over his
head. During his imprisonment by Tiberius a similar
omen had been
interpreted as portending his speedy release, with the warning that should he
behold the same sight again, he would die within five days. He was immediately
smitten with violent pains, and scolded his friends for flattering him and
accepting his imminent death. He experienced heart pains and a pain in his
abdomen, and died after five days.
Acts 12 relates that he was eaten by worms, (possibly
Fournier's gangrene, the same disease that may have killed his grandfather
Herod the Great) after
God struck him after
people praised him and treated him like a God.
Josephus then relates how Aggripa's brother,
Herod of Chalcis, and Helcias send Aristo to kill Silas.
in the New Testament
"King Herod", mentioned in the
Acts of the Apostles,
is often identified as the same person as King Agrippa I. The identification is
based on the description of his death, which is sufficiently reminiscent to
Agrippa's death in Josephus' work, although Josephus does not verify the Bible's
claims that "an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and
died." The fact that the Bible knows the king by a different name led apologetic
Bible historians to rename him as "Herod Agrippa". However, it must be noted
that "Herod" was the name of
Agrippa's brother, King of Chalcis and High Priest of
so the king described in the Bible may as well be an amalgam of several
Description of King Herod as a cruel, godless king that persecuted the
Jerusalem church, had
James son of Zebedee killed and imprisoned
is in stark contrast with the Josephus account.
Herod Antipas, uncle and predecessor to Agrippa I, is the Herod mentioned in
the New Testament that played a role in events that led to the execution of
Jesus and that
John the Baptist's execution.
By his wife Cypros he had a son,
and three daughters, including
Berenice, who first married her uncle
Herod III, king of
Chalcis, and afterwards lived with her brother Agrippa, and subsequently
married Polamo, king of
is alluded to by
Drusilla, who married
Antonius Felix, the
procurator of Judaea.
sometimes spelled in its original Latin forms of Judæa, Judaea or
Iudaea to distinguish it from
Judea proper, is a term used by historians to
refer to the
Roman province that incorporated the
geographical regions of
Idumea, and which extended over parts of the
former regions of the
Herodian kingdoms of Israel. It was named after
Tetrarchy of Judea, of which it was an
expansion, the latter name deriving from the
Kingdom of Judah of the 6th century BCE.
Rome's involvement in the area dated from 63 BCE, following the end of the
Third Mithridatic War, when Rome made
Syria a province. In that year, after the
Mithridates VI of Pontus, the
proconsul Pompeius Magnus (Pompey
sacked Jerusalem and entered the
Jerusalem Temple. Subsequently, during the 1st
century BCE, the
Herodian Kingdom was established as a Roman
client kingdom and then in 6 CE parts became a
province of the
Census of Quirinius and several wars were
fought in its history, known as the
The Temple was destroyed in 70 as part of the
Great Jewish Revolt resulting in the
institution of the
Fiscus Judaicus, and after
Bar Kokhba's revolt (132–135 CE), the Roman
Hadrian changed the name of the province to
Syria Palaestina and
Aelia Capitolina, which certain scholars
conclude was done in an attempt to remove the relationship of the Jewish people
to the region..
Relations with Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties
Pompey in the Temple of Jerusalemem
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